How Oral Diseases Are Linked to Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity?
Metabolic syndrome is a group of medical conditions such as obesity, dysglycemia, dyslipidemia, and hypertension. These together increase the risk of diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. Other names of metabolic syndrome are dysmetabolic syndrome, syndrome X, deadly quartet and plurimetabolic syndrome. There are various research articles and studies which suggest that oral diseases especially periodontal disease are linked to obesity and metabolic syndrome.
Periodontal Disease and Obesity
Most of the medical professionals believe that obesity is a chronic disease. Everyone is well-aware of the fact that obesity is on the rise in the U.S. The research and studies are still on to prove that periodontal disease and obesity is co-related. It requires more concrete facts to establish a relationship between them. It must be noted that adipose tissue secretes wide varieties of hormones and cytokines that are involved in inflammatory processes which point towards similar pathways which are a part of pathophysiology of obesity, inflammatory diseases and periodontitis.
Periodontal Disease and Metabolic Syndrome
As of now, people have found conflicting reports regarding the linking of periodontitis to metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a group of cardiovascular hazard figures that incorporate impaired glucose tolerance or diabetes, obesity, hyperinsulinemia, hypertension, and dyslipidemia.
As we all know that diabetes which comes under metabolic syndrome is associated with periodontal disease or periodontitis. Patients with periodontitis show a greater risk of retinopathy, ketoacidosis and neuropathy than diabetic patients minus periodontitis. Apart from that, patients of diabetes with neurological complications have severe gingivitis compared to diabetics without this ailment.
There has been much research conducted so far which demonstrates that there is a biological relationship between diabetes and periodontitis since there is an existence of tested relations between plasmatic lipid peroxide, an index of oxidative stress, and periodontal markers and glycated hemoglobin, a diabetic marker, and periodontal parameters.
From the aforementioned discussion, it is clear that to some extent oral diseases are connected to obesity and metabolic syndrome.