Dental Bone Grafting: Things You Must Know
A bone graft is used to recreate bone and soft supporting tissues that have been lost as a result of periodontitis or another gum disease.
What it’s used for
Bone grafts are a common treatment option for periodontitis, which involves inflammation of the gums and other structures that support the teeth. Over time, the bone support and gum coverage around the teeth is lost. A bone graft regrows the lost tissues.
How it’s done
A periodontist begins the procedure by separating the gums from the teeth to access the bone and roots. He cleans the roots thoroughly, fills in the holes in the bone with a graft material, and then covers the graft with a physical barrier. Once the graft is in place, the gums are placed over the treated area and stitched into place. During the following six to nine months, the body fills in the region with new soft tissue and bone to reattach the tooth to the jaw.
Following any oral surgery, there is likely to be some swelling and bleeding. There is also the risk that an infection may develop. Over time, the gums in the treated area may recede. The treated teeth may develop heat and cold sensitivity and may develop cavities in their roots.
Why you should discuss the procedure with a periodontist beforehand
Before undergoing dental surgery, it’s imperative to consult with a reputable periodontist. You want to make sure that you’re going into the procedure for the right reasons and that the entire process is done properly from placing the graft to keeping the site clean afterward.